Compound semiconductor materials are a Key Enabling Technology at the heart of modern society. Next generation technologies will only be achieved with a huge increase in compound semiconductor manufacture.
To help manufacturing industries respond to future opportunities and drivers and contribute to a prosperous UK, the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), part of Research Councils UK (RCUK), looked to evolve their critical mass investments in manufacturing, building on the successes of the Innovative Manufacturing Research Centres and the EPSRC Centres for Innovative Manufacturing.
The EPSRCs vision for this critical mass investment was to support UK manufacturing industries, by funding the commercialisation of early stage research opportunities in emerging areas, through a network of Future Manufacturing Research Hubs.
For further information on the EPSRC Manufacturing Research Hubs, please visit the EPSRC website.
As the “Future Compound Semiconductor Manufacturing Hub”, we are one in a network of eight UK-wide Future Manufacturing Hubs, funded by EPSRC and industry resources.
The Future Compound Semiconductor Manufacturing Hub, known in short as the CSHub, was first launched in October 2016. Unlike the other EPSRC funded Future Manufacturing Hubs, uniquely and excitingly, our Hub tackles challenging and vital research into large scale Compound Semiconductor manufacturing, and in manufacturing integrated Compound Semiconductors on Silicon. We provide world-leading facilities that will translate Compound Semiconductor research into large-scale growth and device fabrication. This research is essential to the future of most technologies. The CS Hub lead institution is Cardiff University, with spokes at the University of Manchester, the University of Sheffield, and University College London. We also have >30 industry partners participating in the project via the provision of resources, time and expertise. For existing CS Hub partners please see our partner organisations page.
We have strong links with our colleagues in the other Future Manufacturing Hubs, particularly the Future Advanced Metrology Hub and the Future Photonics Hub, in order to support and complement our Compound Semiconductor research, as well as facilitating larger investments for promising, cross-cutting feasibility studies.
We aim to make huge inroads to the use of Compound Semiconductors as an alternative to silicon, which will allow other scientific and technical areas to flourish, and support the UK economy.
The CS Hub began with a research focus in two Grand Challenges, further divided into eight research subject areas through separation into Work Packages. Full detail of our research can be found in the Research pages.
We hope to build on these research areas via the availability of the first round of CS Hub Feasibility Study funding. This funding round is open for applications between 1st January 2018 and 30th March 2018, and is intended to promote interactions between the CS Hub and new partners (academic and industry). Seed corn funding applications up to a value of £40k which address key Compound Semiconductor manufacturing challenges and bring in new partner organisations should be made using the form and according to the guidance provided. For details of existing CS Hub partners, please see our Partner Organisations page.
Our first Grand Challenge focuses on Enabling the Connected Nation, while our second encompasses the important issues surrounding Sensing in CS manufacture. Our research interests further break down into compound semiconductors on silicon epitaxy (III-Sb, III-As, and III-N), compound semiconductors on silicon device fabrication, as well as FastFab – Integrated growth, fabrication and characterisation. These initial basic issues are further supported by research into the Connected Nation, including Manufacturing Technology for Optical Datacommunications on silicon, Advanced Radio Frequency devices and MMICs, as well as Monolithic Integration of RGB LEDs and Integrated Radio Frequency Electronics for LiFi. Our second Grand Challenge is supported by research focuses on Magnetic Arrays and Infra Red Arrays
We have other parallel projects in a number of Compound Semiconductor areas including
- Integrated GaN-Diamond Microwave Electronics: From Materials, Transistors to MMICs
- Underpinning equipment for the Compound Semiconductor Hub
- Advanced III-nitride materials for next generation UV emitters used in water purification, environmental protection and local network communication
- Mac V: Miniaturised atomic clocks using VCSEL pump sources
- High Performance Buffers for RF GaN Electronic
- Ultra-Stable High-Performance Single Nanolasers
- Nanoelectronic Based Quantum Physics- Technology and Applications.
- Integration of RF Circuits with High Speed GaN Switching on Silicon Substrates
- Vertical cubic GaN LEDs on 150mm 3C-SiC substrates
- GaAsP-GaAs nanowire quantum dots for novel quantum emitters
- DiLaN: Diode Laser Manufacturing Process Using Nano-Imprint Technology
Compound semiconductors are vital for the development of:
- energy efficient lighting
- smart devices
- electric vehicles
- imaging techniques
Compound semiconductors are vital to development of technologies supporting:
- a connected world
- the environment
The Hub will:
- position the UK at the centre of compound semiconductor manufacturing research.
- support & promote compound semiconductor research and systems research in all associated fields.
- apply the manufacturing disciplines and approaches used with Silicon semiconductors.
- combine compound semiconductors with Silicon.
- facilitate the required increase in compound semiconductor manufacture.